Parkinson’s Disease Research, Education and Clinical Centers
SCHWAB AND ENGLAND
SCHWAB AND ENGLAND ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING SCALE
100% = Completely independent. Able to do all chores without slowness, difficulty or impairment. Essentially normal.
Unaware of any difficulty.
90% = Completely independent. Able to do all chores with some degree of slowness, difficulty and impairment. Might
take twice as long. Beginning to be aware of difficulty.
80% = Completely independent in most chores. Takes twice as long. Conscious of difficulty and slowness.
70% = Not completely independent. More difficulty with some chores. Three to four times as long in some. Must spend
a large part of the day with chores.
60% = Some dependency. Can do most chores, but exceedingly slowly and with much effort. Errors; some impossible.
50% = More dependent. Help with half, slower, etc. Difficulty with everything.
40% = Very dependent. Can assist with all chores, but few alone.
30% = With effort, now and then does a few chores alone or begins alone. Much help needed.
20% = Nothing alone. Can be a slight help with some chores. Severe invalid.
10% = Totally dependent, helpless. Complete invalid.
0% = Vegetative functions such as swallowing, bladder and bowel functions are not functioning. Bedridden.